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Glanders

Last Modified: Fri, 25 May 2018 12:30:18 IST
Disease name Glanders
Animal Health Law Category if applicable E, D, A
Species affected Equidae
Definition Glanders is a serious zoonotic bacterial disease that primarily affects horses, mules and donkeys. Although cases in humans are uncommon, they can be very painful and potentially life threatening. Without antibiotic treatment, the case fatality rate may be as high as 95%. Glanders results from infection by Burkholderia mallei, a Gram negative rod in the family Burkholderiaceae. This organism was formerly known as Pseudomonas mallei. In equidae the disease causes nodules and ulcerations in the upper respiratory tract and lungs. A skin form also occurs, known as `farcy¿.
Status in Ireland Disease absent
Date of Last known case of disease in Ireland 1920
DAFM Division Responsible NDCC & Border Inspection Posts
Contact Sally Gaynor SSVI
Legislation http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/eli/2016/si/130
Link to relevant external website
OIE Link http://www.oie.int/fileadmin/Home/eng/Health_standards/tahm/2.05.11_GLANDERS.pdf
Publications