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Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome

Last Modified: Fri, 01 Apr 2016 15:35:35 IST
Disease name
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome
Species affected
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is characterised by reproductive failure of sows and respiratory problems of piglets and growing pigs. The disease is caused by the PRRS virus, a virus currently classified as a member of the order Nidovirales, family Arteriviridae, genus Arterivirus. The primary target cell of the virus is the alveolar macrophage of the pig. Two major antigenic types of the virus exist, the type 1 (European) and the type 2 (American). The virus is primarily transmitted via infected pigs but also by faeces, urine, semen and
Status in Ireland
Date of Last known case of disease in Ireland
DAFM Division Responsible
Animal Health/Veterinary Medicines/ Non ruminant animal health
Michael Sheahan SSVI
Link to relevant external website